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FASA

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[[Image:FASAlogo.png|thumb|right|350px|FASA Corporation logo (since 1986)]]Founded in 1980, '''FASA Corporation''' was an [[w:United States|American ]] publisher of [[w:role-playing games|role-playing games]] (RPGs), wargames, and boardgames between 1980 , notable for having created the [[BattleTech]] universe and 2001game setting. Originally, the name FASA was an acronym They were renowned for "Freedonian Aeronautics and Space Administration", a joking allusion to the Marx Brothers film ''Duck Soup''witty, though in later years the letters of the name did not actually stand for anything. This tongue-in-cheek attitude was carried over in and frequent humorous pop-culture references and self-references in its their games. For example, in Shadowrun, a tactical nuclear device was detonated near FASA's offices at 1100 W. Cermak Rd, Chicago, Illinois.
FASA first appeared ceased active operations in 2001, but still exist as a Traveller licensee, producing supplements for that GDW role-playing game, especially the work of the Keith Brotherscorporation holding [[w:intellectual property|intellectual property]] (IP) rights. The company went on rights to BattleTech were transferred to establish itself as major gaming company with the publication of [[WizKids]] who were in turn bought by the first licensed Star Trek RPG, then several successful original games. Noteworthy lines included [[BattleTechTopps]] Corporation in 2003 and Shadowrun. Their Star Trek role-playing supplements and tactical ship game enjoyed popularity outside the gaming hobby terminated as, at the time, official descriptions of the Star Trek universe were not common, and the gaming supplements offered details the fans craveda brand in 2008. The wildly successful [[BattleTech]] line led IP (minus the rights to a series of video produce computer games, some of the first virtual reality gaming suites called Virtual World (created which are held by a subdivision of the company known at the time of development as 'ESP,' an acronym for 'Extremely Secret Project'[[Microsoft]] since 1999) and a Saturday-morning animated TV showis held by Topps since then.
Games published ==History=====Inception===FASA Corporation was founded by FASA included:[[Jordan Weisman]] and [[L. Ross Babcock]] in 1980 with a starting capital of $350 ($175 each). At the time, the two were fellow gamers at the Merchant Marine Academy.
*Star Trek*FASA first appeared as a ''[[BattleTechw:Traveller (role-playing game)|Traveller]] '' licensee, producing supplements for that RPG, especially the work of the Keith brothers ([[MechWarriorWilliam H. Keith Jr.]] and [[J. Andrew Keith]])*Shadowrun*Renegade Legion*Earthdawn*Crimson Skies*VOR . The company went on to establish itself as major gaming company with the Maelstrom*Crucible*Doctor Whopublication of the first licensed ''[[w:Star Trek|Star Trek]]'' RPG.
FASA Corporation was founded by Several successful original game lines followed, most importantly ''[[Jordan WeismanBattledroids]] and [[L. Ross Babcock]] in 1980 with a starting capital of $350. The two were fellow gamers at the Merchant Marine Academy. [[Mort Weisman]], Jordan's father, joined the company ' in 1985 1984 which was renamed to lead the company's operational management, having sold his book publishing business, Swallow Press. Under the new commercial direction and with the Mort's capital injection, the company diversified into books and miniature figures. After consulting their UK distributor, BattleTech'' for ''[[Chart Hobby DistributorsBattleTech, 2nd Edition]], FASA licensed the manufacture '' in 1985 because of its Battletech figurines to [[Miniature Figurines]] (also known as Minifigs). FASA would later acquire the US figures manufacturer [[Ral Parthaw:George Lucas|George Lucas]], which was the US manufacturer of Minifigs. While Mort ran the paper and metal based sides of the business, the company's founders focused trademark on the development of computer-based games. They were particularly interested in virtual reality but also developed desktop computer games. When Microsoft acquired the [[FASA Interactive]] subsidiary, Babcock went with that company. After the sale of Virtual World, Jordan turned his attention to the founding of a new games venture called [[WizKids]]term "droid".
FASA unexpectedly ceased active operations in early 2001===Enter Mort Weisman===[[Mort Weisman]], but still exists as a corporation holding intellectual property rights which it licenses to other publishers. Contrary to popular beliefJordan's father, joined the company did not go bankrupt. Allegedly, the owners decided in 1985 to quit while lead the company was still financially sound in a market they perceived as going downhill. Mort Weisman had been talking of retirement for some years and 's operational management, having sold his confidence in the future of the paper-based games book publishing business was low. He considered the intellectual property of FASA to be of high value but did not wish to continue working as he had been for the last decade or more. Unwilling to wrestle with the complexities of dividing up the going concern, the owners issued a press release on 25 January 2001 announcing the immediate closure of the businessSwallow Press.
Under the new commercial direction and with the Mort's capital injection, the company diversified into books and miniature figures. After consulting their UK distributor, [[w:Chart Hobby Distributors|Chart Hobby Distributors]], FASA licensed the manufacture of its BattleTech figurines to [[w:Miniature Figurines|Miniature Figurines]] (also known as Minifigs). FASA would later acquire the US figures manufacturer [[Ral Partha]], which was the US manufacturer of Minifigs. While Mort ran the paper and metal based sides of the business, the company's founders focused on the development of computer-based games. ===Computer games rights===They were particularly interested in virtual reality but also developed desktop computer games. To this end FASA created the [[FASA Interactive Technologies Inc]] subsidiary together with [[w:Spectrum HoloByte|Spectrum HoloByte]] and Danny Thorley in 1994. In the following year, FASA Interactive and another subsidiary (Virtual World Entertainment, another company created in 1987 by FASA Corp founders Jordan Weisman and L. Ross Babcock), became wholly owned subsidiaries of Virtual World Entertainment Group (VWEG) which was in turn sold to the Microsoft Corporation in 1999, including the rights to produce BattleTech computer games. Ever since, this particular right has been separated from the remaining BattleTech IP. Ross Babcock went with VWEG. After the sale, Jordan Weisman turned his attention to the founding of a new games venture called [[WizKids]]. ===Withdrawal from the market===FASA unexpectedly ceased active operations in early 2001, but still exists as a corporation holding IP rights which it licenses to other publishers. Contrary to popular belief, the company did not go bankrupt. According to the owners, they decided to quit while the company was still financially sound in a market they perceived as going downhill. Mort Weisman had been talking of retirement for some years and his confidence in the future of the paper-based games business was low. He considered the intellectual property of FASA to be of high value but did not wish to continue working as he had been for the last decade or more. Unwilling to wrestle with the complexities of dividing up the going concern, the owners issued a press release on 25 January 2001 announcing the immediate closure of the business. The [[BattleTech]]IP, Shadowrunamong others, and Earthdawn properties were licensed off was transferred to Jordan Weisman's firm [[WizKids]], who in turn licensed their the publication rights to [[FanPro]]. However ==Origin of the name==[[Image:FASALogoOld.png|thumb|left|Original FASA Corporation logo (until 1985)]]According to a 2006 [http://uk.gamespy.com/articles/697/697083p18.html GameSpy interview] of co-founder Jordan Weisman, FASA was named after an old joke from high school: Jordan Weisman had been one of a group in high school who ran a fictional country called "Freedonia" as an homage to the Earthdawn license country in the [[w:Marx Brothers|Marx Brothers]]' movie "[[w:Duck Soup|Duck Soup]]". The group's goal was recently returned to throw parties where the participants took "official" roles and one of Jordan Weisman's was that of Vice-Chairman of FASA. Living Room Games publishes Earthdawn (Second EditionFreedonian Aeronautics and Space Administration) while RedBrick Limited now holds a license to continue publishing First Edition material. Crimson Skies  In the same interview, he said that the old FASA logo was originally developed by Zipper Interactive under a combination of a combination of the FASA Interactive brand in late 2000 emblems of his and used under license Ross Babcock's RPG characters. ==Notable products==Games published by FASA; FASA Interactive had been purchased by Microsoft, so naturally (besides those from the rights for BattleTech/MechWarrior setting) include:*[[Combots]]*[[Crimson Skies stayed with Microsoft. Rights to the miniatures game ]]*[[Earthdawn]]*[[Renegade Legion]]*[[Shadowrun]]*[[VOR the Maelstrom reverted to the designer Mike "Skuzzy" Nielson, but it has not been republished in any form due partly to legal difficulties.]]
==References==
*[http://uk.gamespy.com/articles/697/697083p18.html 'GameSpy Retro: Developer Origins', uk.gamesygamespy.com (2006)]. [[Category:FASA Games]][[Category:Game Publisher]]{{wikipedia|80671940}} 
and ''[[Category:FASA GamesShadowrun]]''. Their ''Star Trek'' role-playing supplements and tactical ship game enjoyed popularity outside the wargaming community since, at the time, official descriptions of the ''Star Trek'' universe were not common, and the gaming supplements offered details fans craved. The highly successful ''[[BattleTech]]'' line led to a series of [[video game]]s, some of the first [[virtual reality]] gaming suites, called Virtual World (created by a subdivision of the company known at the time of development as ESP, an acronym for "Extremely Secret Project") and a Saturday-morning [[CategoryBattleTech:Game PublisherThe Animated Series|animated TV series]].