Unlike in other militaries, in the CCAF the rank of Recruit takes the place of Private and is retained by everyone who has completed basic training; prior to then, they are simply known as "Citizen." Infantry soldiers, vehicle support crews, and other non-rated laborers are all Recruits. After the Xin Sheng reforms, the title was replaced with Shia-ben-bing.
All the Clans lack the rank of recruit, as all members of a Warrior caste training sibko are essentially recruits. Several Clans refer to their warrior sibko members by nicknames however, which could be considered recruit ranks.
All citizens of the Taurian Concordat must serve for four years in the Taurian Defense Force - two years on active duty, two years in the reserve - though the nature of that service varies. If they desire an actual military role, a Recruit will be given eighteen weeks of basic training before being assigned to a field unit. Other Recruits are given more limited instruction and instead assigned to their local canton's provisional training battalion, where their duties tend more towards garbage patrol than combat patrol. They use a single silver ring as their rank insignia.
As the Alliance Military Corps gets most of its new troops via planetary lotteries held by the Parliaments of individual member worlds, calling a trainee "Recruit" is inaccurate. In recognition of this, the AMC identifies all its trainee soldiers as Defender. A Defender's rank insignia is a simple green circle.